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Opendoor's performance sheds light on the state of the U.S. housing market

Ten months after purchase, the average home bought by Opendoor in June 2022 incurred a loss of -$24,933, in contrast to a gain of +$49,007 for the average home bought by Opendoor in February 2023, finds SFR Analytics

At the edge of the sprawling desert community of North Las Vegas, the four-bedroom home at 7473 Moonglade Street epitomized the impact of the mortgage rate shock in 2022. During this period, mortgage rates surged from 3% in January 2022 to over 6% by June 2022, placing iBuyers and flippers in a vulnerable position as pandemic-era darlings like Phoenix, Las Vegas, and Austin transitioned into full-blown housing corrections. In April 2022, Opendoor acquired the house for $494,000. However, the iBuyer missed the peak when it flipped the property back onto the market in May 2022 for $551,000, just as Las Vegas rapidly shifted from a housing boom to a home price correction. Throughout the second half of 2022, the home experienced nearly a dozen price cuts. When it finally sold in April 2023, Opendoor only received $396,000, reflecting a -19.8% decrease from the purchase price.

So-called iBuyers like Opendoor make speedy offers to sellers in exchange for a "service fee." These iBuyers then handle any necessary repairs or cosmetic upgrades and put the property back up for sale. The business model is a new take on flipping; however, both business models have the same downside risks if pricing becomes destabilized.

"When the shiitake mushrooms hits the fan, you [iBuyers/flippers] want to get out first. The way to do that is to figure out where the lowest sale is, and be 2% below that. And if it doesn't sell in the first weekend, move it down [again]," Redfin CEO Glenn Kelman told me 15 months ago in October 2022, just days before announcing that Redfin would close down its iBuyer business. “We notice immediately when fewer people are on our website and fewer signing up for tours…we're sitting on $350 million worth of homes for sale that we bought with our own money, or worse bought with borrowed money. And what we always told investors is that we would protect our balance sheet by acting quickly. We don't have hope as a strategy. We immediately started marking down things.”

Fast-forward to January 2024, and not only have the fears of a deeper housing correction in 2022 so far failed to materialize, but home prices across much of the country, including Phoenix and Las Vegas, have stabilized as the market absorbed the mortgage rate shock.

To see just how fast the market tightened up last year, just look at Opendoor.

According to data SFR Analytics provided to ResiClub, ten months after the purchase, the average home bought by Opendoor in June 2022 incurred a loss of -$24,933. In contrast, the average home acquired by Opendoor in February 2023 experienced a gain of +$49,007 by the ten-month mark.

The typical home purchased by Opendoor between April 2022 and August 2022 (peach-colored lines in the chart below) was sold at a gross loss, according to SFR Analytics, a residential real estate analytics firm.

The cohort purchased between September 2022 and December 2022 (purple-colored lines in the chart below) fared better as Opendoor adjusted strategies.

That improvement carried into 2023, with every cohort purchased from January 2023 to October 2023 (blue-colored lines in the chart below) posting a gross profit as Opendoor’s adjustments proved successful and appreciation returned to most markets.

Click here to view an interactive version of the chart below

How does Opendoor view its recent performance?

“These results demonstrate our continued strong execution and market share gains in what remains an uncertain U.S. housing market. With an improved cost structure, strong balance sheet, and scaled customer acquisition channels, we believe we have laid the foundation to emerge from this cycle more resilient and well-positioned for continued share gains and long-term profitability,” wrote Carrie Wheeler, CEO of Opendoor, in the company’s latest earnings report.

Big picture: Opendoor’s performance shows that the U.S. housing market is no longer destabilized as it was in the second half of 2022. That said, as Wheeler suggested, there is still a great deal of uncertainty regarding where this affordability-strained housing market goes next.